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2016-04-13 15:57:12| 发布者: admin| 查看: 5175|来自: 辽沈战役纪念馆


  前  言

  辽沈战役是20世纪中期中国人民解放战争中具有决定意义的三大战役的第一个战役。

  1948年秋,东北解放战争经过三年艰苦奋战,进入战略决战阶段。 9月12日至11月2日在华北人民解放军配合下,东北人民解放军在辽宁省西部和沈阳、长春地区与国民党军进行规模空前的辽沈决战。辽沈战役历时52天,歼灭国民党军47万余人,解放东北全境。辽沈战役的胜利,使中国革命形势发展到一个新的转折点,从而加速了中国革命战争胜利的进程。

  以毛泽东为首的中共中央和中央军委制定的建立巩固的东北根据地、举行辽沈战役的战略决策等一系列方针,是取得辽沈战役胜利的决定性因素。东北人民解放军不断发展壮大,英勇奋战,为辽沈战役胜利建立了卓越功勋。东北人民在中国共产党领导下,开展土地改革、生产支前与爱国民主运动,为辽沈战役胜利做出了重大贡献。

  为辽沈战役胜利暨东北解放而英勇牺牲的革命先烈, 其功名同山河长在,与日月同辉。

 

  INTRODUCTION

  The  Liaoshen  Campaign  was  the  first of the three  great  campaigns  of  decisive significance in the Chinese People's War of  Liberation in the mid 20th century.

    In the autumn of 1948, the War of Liberation in the Northeast,after three years of  ha   rd fighting, had entered the stage of decisive engagement.Between September  12  and November 2 of the same year, the   Northeast   people's  Liberation   Army   conducted   a decisive engagement  on  an  unprecedented scale  with  Kuomintang  troops  in  the western   part   of   Liaoning   Province  and  in   Shenyang   and  changchun  areas  in  cooperation  with  Northern-China  People's Liberation  Army. The  Liaoshen Campaign  lasted 52  days, in  which  a  total  of  more  than  470000  enemy  troops  were  wiped out  and  the  whole  Northeast  was  thus  liberated. Due to the victory in the Liaoshen Campa   ign the Chinese revolution developed to a new turning  point, hence the course of  Chines  e revolutionary war was speeded up. 

  A series of concepts  worked out  by the Central Committee and the Central Military Commission of   the  C  ommunist  Party  of  China (CPC)  headed  by Mao Zedong  to establish stable  base  areas  in Northeast  and conduct the Liaoshen  Campaign were  decisive factors for winning the campaign. The Northeast People's Liberation Army was growing steadily and fighting bravely,  having  performed  remarkable  feats  for  winning  the  Liaoshen Campaign.The people in the Northeast, under the eadership of the CPC , unfolded  land  reform , production  to  support  the   front  and  democratic  movement, making great contributions to the success of the Liaoshen Campaign.

  The revolutionary martyrs who sacrificed their  lives  for the success of the Liaoshen Campaign are immortal.


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